A sound mixer, also known as a mixing console, is responsible for recording sounds. A sound mixer can adjust sound signals and send them to output for further transmission and amplification using a sound system. The sound mixer is where the sound signals from different sources are combined. In a sound mixer, ambience and effects can be added, and equalization and stereo imaging are balanced.
Sound mixers work by using professional audio equipment for later inclusion in the finished product. Sound mixers also operate well as a reference to be used by sound engineers or sound designers, who are required to choose the adequate sound equipment to accurately record media and mix audio signals in real-time. It’s worth mentioning that the way a sound mixer works depends completely on the number of input and output channels it has.
Professional producers and sound engineers usually have their own equipment that includes radio systems, mics, a mixing desk, headphones, audio storage, booms, cables, diverse tools, as well as sound logs. The user is capable of capturing a wide variety of sounds while being aware of the finished product. When the final product is done, it is combined with other production elements, including music, effects, narration, as well as recorded dialogues.
It’s worth mentioning that the sound mixer is entirely responsible for all aspects regarding the sound production, including all the people involved, the technical setup, the sound equipment, the auxiliary devices responsible for syncing and time offsets, and many more. Sound mixers accept, combine, process and monitor audio. Sound mixers are typically used in different environments, including live performances, inside a recording studio, for broadcast audio, and for film or television.
There are several types of sound mixers. The most common ones are software mixers, digital mixers, and analog mixers. Software mixers use digital recording software. Digital mixers can receive digital and analog signals. Analog mixers are able to both receive and process analog signals.