Category: Hardware

Crystal Microphones

Crystal microphones are quite inexpensive and have both high output and high impedance. When a long cable is used, both the high output voltage and the high-frequency responses are altered. Crystal microphones have an output impedance of over 100,000 ohms and an output level that ranges between -48dB and -60dB. Some crystal microphones can produce…
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Liquid Microphones

A liquid microphone, also known as a water transmitter, is based under the principle which establishes that current in a wire varies in reverse to the resistance of the circuit. When the sound waves of a human voice generate a vibration in a diaphragm, the needle or rod also vibrates. When this vibration is set…
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MEMS Microphones

MEMS microphones, short for microelectromechanical systems microphones, are one of the smallest types of microphones. MEMS microphones have an extremely high-performance level and they provide good sensitivity, low power consumption, as well as a high SNR. MEMS microphones remain steady when performing and they have great features regarding temperature. Also, the performance after reflow soldering…
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ROMpler

In essence, ROMplers are ROM-based sample players. The term ROMpler is often used to refer to software sample players that involve a fixed group of waveforms. The term ROMpler comes from a slang term that is given to sound modules that feature stock presets that are based on samples stored in ROM. The term ROMpler…
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Software Synthesizers – Soft Synths

A software synthesizer, commonly known as soft synth, is a speaker computer program or plugin that produces digital audio. Over the years, there have been many advances in terms of processing speed, which are allowing soft synths to achieve the same tasks with a simpler hardware. Soft synths are more affordable, more portable, and easier…
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Sampler (musical instrument)

A sampler is a digital or electronic musical instrument that resembles a synthesizer. The main difference between a sampler and a synth is that the sampler can produce new sounds with sound recordings of real or artificial instrument sounds, instead of with voltage-controlled oscillators. These sound recordings are also known as samples. Digital sampling has…
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Step Sequencer

Originally, a step sequencer was a hardware module that produced a limited number of control signals in a stable and pulsed sequence that was continuous while active. The output of the signal was usually sent to an oscillator or an audio filter. When the step sequencer was active and the musician played a continuous note,…
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Woodwind Instruments

Woodwind instruments are instruments that are made of metal, wood, plastic, ocarinas, or a combination of materials. The most popular woodwind instruments are clarinet, flute, oboe, saxophone, piccolo, English horn, E-flat, bass, bassoon, contrabassoon, and bagpipe. These kinds of instruments have been around for a long time. The first versions of these instruments were found…
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Brass Instruments

Brass instruments, also known as labrosones, produce sounds by sympathetic vibration of air in a tubular resonator that is in sympathy with the vibration of the player’s lips. Brass instruments are lip-vibrated instruments as well as aerophones since the musician must blow air into the instrument. There are a variety of elements that must be…
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String Instruments

String instruments produce sounds when their string vibrate. String instruments exist in all music cultures. Bowed string instruments are an essential part of every symphony orchestra. Sound instruments are used worldwide, not only as solo instruments but in chamber music as well. Perhaps guitars are the most popular string instruments around the music culture. String…
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